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Bajra popularly known as Pearl millet, cattail millet or bulrush belongs to the family Gramineae. The crop is cultivated for grain as well as for fodder in the arid region of Africa and Asia and as a pasture in U.S.A. It is originated in India or Africa. It is grown all over India except Assam and part of northeast India. Bajra is grown rainfed and crop being drought resistant hardly needs any irrigation, however it is observed that the yield may be significantly increased by irrigating the crop at critical growth stages like maximum tillering, flowering and grain filling stage. Therefore, light irrigations and efficient drainage is very essential for bajra production.
Types Of Bajra: NBH-149, VBH-4 developed for Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra are capable of producing 14% higher yield. ICM4-155 gave higher yield than the standard check and adopted for all growing tracts of India. Also H-306, NH-338 and hybrid like MP-204, MP205 have been identified.